Nobel Peace Prize Goes to Activists From Russia, Ukraine, Belarus

This year’s Nobel Peace Prize will be awarded to Belarusian rights activist Alice Byyatsky, the Russian group Memorial and the Ukrainian organization Center for Civil Liberties in prison, the award’s judges said on Friday.

Berit Reiss-Andersen, head of Norway’s Nobel committee, said the judges wanted to honor “three outstanding champions of human rights, democracy and peaceful coexistence in neighboring Belarus, Russia and Ukraine”.

“Through their continued efforts to uphold humanitarian values ​​and the rule of law against militarism, this year’s laureates have brought to life and honored Alfred Nobel’s vision of peace and brotherhood among nations. , which is most needed in the world today.” Oslo.

The award follows a tradition of highlighting groups and activists working to prevent conflict, alleviate hardship and protect human rights.

Last year’s winners have had a tough time since receiving the prize. Journalists Dmitry Muratov from Russia and Maria Ressa from the Philippines are fighting for the survival of their news organizations and thwarting government efforts to silence them.

He was honored last year for his “efforts to protect freedom of expression, a prerequisite for democracy and lasting peace.”

A week of Nobel Prize announcements began on Monday with Swedish scientist Svante Pabo receiving the award in medicine for unlocking the secrets of Neanderthal DNA, which has provided key insights into our immune system.

Three scientists jointly won the prize in physics on Tuesday. Frenchman Alain Spect, American John F. Clouser, and Austrian Anton Zellinger showed that small particles can remain connected even when separated, a phenomenon known as quantum entanglement, which is used in special computing and information technology. Can be used for encryption.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded Wednesday to Americans Carolyn R. Bertozzi and K. Barry Sharples and Danish scientist Morten Meldahl for developing a method of “snapping molecules together” that can be used to find cells, DNA. can be used to map and design drugs. More specifically target diseases such as cancer.

French author Anne Arnaux won this year’s Nobel Prize for Literature on Thursday. The panel praised her for blending fiction and autobiography in books that fearlessly portray her experiences as a working-class woman exploring life in France from the 1940s.

The 2022 Nobel Prize in Economics will be announced on Monday.

The prizes include a cash prize of 10 million Swedish kroner (about $900,000) and will be awarded on December 10. The money comes from a bequest left in 1895 by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel.

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